196 Last modified August 22, 2016

Photon Anatomy

This video describes the photon with an addition that we can deduce logically. With this addition we can build the entire universe out of photons alone. We will show how all of nature must necessarily be comprised of electric and magnetic activity and nothing else. We will show that this is a mathematical certainty, but use no math to describe it.

Our only reference is the book, Fundamentals of Photonics, Saleh and Teich, published by Wiley & Sons, inc. has a chapter five that describes the electromagnetic nature of the photon. It was published in 1991. That chapter describes the text-book portion of the photon we will use here.

But, before we can build the universe, we must understand a few basic things about the photon. We must know its anatomy and know what drives it through space. We have known these things since Maxwell told us about them over a hundred years ago. Let's review them now with special attention to two important things.

Photons move through space as points of constant electric and magnetic amplitude. This is not spelled out anywhere in the text books. However, we can know it because the equations that describe photon action do not contain amplitude. If photon amplitude were variable, it would need to be in the equations. It is not there. So it is a constant. We can guess that the constant amplitude of photons is the maximum possible electric and magnetic amplitude in space.

In the video, we see a schematic model of our photon. Here it moves through space polarized vertically, meaning that the electric field occupies the vertical, up down, plane and the magnetic field occupies the horizontal, left right, plane. We know from Maxwell, that the force that drives a photon through space is change in electric and magnetic amplitude. Any change in electric amplitude creates a magnetic field and any change in magnetic amplitude creates an electric field.

The greatest amount of change happens very close to the place where the photon's electric and magnetic planes cross. Any change, however, including distant change and change that belongs to other photons, affect the future position of this photon's points.

The photon's electric and magnetic planes are normally symmetrical and change in them drives the photon's points of maximum amplitude through space in a straight line. These planes are not symmetrical, however, when some outside force bends the path of the photon. Fields on the outside of the curve occupy more space than the fields on the inside of the curve. The outside fields thus have more effect on the path of the photon and tend to bend the path more.

We know that gamma ray photons can combine to produce an electron and a positron. In the past we did not know the exact mechanism by which this happened. We can now guess that asymmetry in the photon's driving forces curves its path so much that front-to-back resonance locks it into a circle.

Here, we see an electron so created. The blue portion represents the negative electric field and the red portion represents the positive electric field. The circumference is one wave length of the gamma ray photon making the electron and positron the largest of the elementary particles.

The negative electric field originates at the electron's circumference. The amplitude of the electric field is determined by the bend radius in the photon path. A smaller bend radius produces greater charge amplitude. When sensed at an electron's radius, this greater amplitude, diminished as the square of distance, is exactly equal to the electron's charge amplitude.

A previously not detected positive electric field exists at the circumference of the electron and faces toward the inside of it. This is the represented by the red area on the inside of the schematic. Although not yet discovered, this positive charge must exist in the electron as we describe it here.

The fields of all photons, including those trapped in electrons, extend outward through space forever. At a very short distance away from the points of saturation, the fields are too weak to interact magnetically or electrically. Although they don’t interact directly, they do contribute toward the impedance of space.

Dr. Albrecht Giese shows that gravity derives from the impedance of space. He shows this with mathematical certainty given that Maxwell's equations solve for the speed of light. The gold button links to web pages that explain how gravity is a simple refraction process.

Here we have described the mechanism of gravity. We added two properties to photons in order to accomplish this. We added the property of constant amplitude, which must exist because amplitude does not appear in equations that describe photons. We added the property of positive feedback, which must exist because the area outside a curve is greater than the area inside a curve. Those two properties, logically deduced, give us the photonic universe.