by Filbert WagmanDon't take these ideas to school.
Everybody that thinks about it already knows it; it ain't no big secret.
The universe is built just like it looks like its built. Us that thunk
knew that a hundred years ago. Since then kids come up with lots of fun
stuff to think about; quantums, strings, quarks, bigbangs; ain't none of
it real. Ain't no need for it to be real.
First thing when a kid starts fundamental physics study is they hit em
with all kinds of really hard arithmatic and wierd ideas that ain't real.
Most of them drop out at the first taste of that.
Fact is, you don't have to know that stuff to understand how the universe
is built. Real stuff that is really real is easy to understand. For wierd
stuff that ain't real, you gotta have lots of extra training.
As soon as we know we
can understand we will want to understand even more. Then we will begin
to realize John Wheeler's dream of fully knowing how the universe is
fact is that most everyone knows it's real, we can measure it pretty
good; even have to account for it to make GPS work.
Now the theory of relativity; that's something else. The theory don't
explain how come relativity, just describes relativity.
Folks found out about relativity when Maxwell wrote down some arithmetic
that could figure the speed of light. They
won't no place in the arithmetic for the speed of your own self.
Then folks tried to figure how fast the world was moving. They used a new gadget
that could measure the speed of light really good.
First they measured light speed in
one direction; then in another direction. Now it makes good sense light speed
is gonna look slower when they pointed the gadget toward the way the
world was moving than when they pointed it across from it; kinda like
light had to catch up with the world as it moved along.
They got real surprised when they saw the world wasn't moving at all.
Einstein figured out how come it looked like the world wasn't moving
and wrote out a theory about it. Every scientist
in the world thought about how come it was that Michelson and Morely's
measurement didn't work. There's still a few that say something was wrong
with the way they went about it; but just about everybody now knows that
without relativity the measurements would have worked. Relativity is real.
Lorentz made a theory of relativity. He thought clocks and measuring sticks change in just
exactly the right way to make the measured speed of light be the same. Most scientists
thought that was too much like it was made up just to fit what they saw. Einstein
had different idea. He thought it was time and space that changed.
Two ways of thinking can explain the same thing. Moving objects change, that's
one way; time and space change, that's the other way.
Although the arithmetic is the same
for both ways of thinking about it; there is a powerful difference. Lorentz way
of thinking shows why relativity happens. Everything gotta be made out of light.
Einstein's way of thinking don't say why.
Lorentz way shows why things change shape and feel time
different when they move. It is because everything is made out of light.
This universe must be built in just this certain way and it
could not possibly be otherwise. John Wheeler said something kinda like
that. Always thought John would finally figure it
out; kept waiting; even told him a couple of times;
but he never quite made it over the hump to greatness; he was stuck
in the doldrums of QED theory.
The concept that explains the arithmetic and demands
that things change just like they do is that matter and light are made
out of the same stuff. Relativity then makes perfect sense.
So, let's play like
matter and light are made out of the same stuff
and that everything in the universe is made out of it too.
James Clerk Maxwell figured out the
arithmetic for this stuff; it is pretty simple once you get the hang of it.
Basically it just says that the stuff is made out of two opposite
pieces. Changing either piece of it causes the other
piece to change; kinda like a seesaw.
Maxwell's arithmetic described the stuff pretty good but there was one
thing missing. There was something about the stuff that made it come
in certain sized bundles. It was just like if seesaws were all made
out of the same length stick and were the same height above ground.
You could work them at any speed but the distance from
bottom to top on either end was always the same. The only way you could
get more out of them was to work them faster or get more of
Years later, Max Planck figured out the arithmetic for that missing piece.
He figured out Planck's constant. It's
kind of like the length of the seesaw and the height of the seesaw
combined into one action number. Plank's action number shows
up in most arithmetic about how stuff works.
Who first said the word is kinda obscure but
Einstein called this stuff that Maxwell and Planck described, "photons".
Scientists all agreed that photons could change back and forth between
matter and energy. Few agreed, however, on just exactly
how it was that this change from one to the other came about.
What makes sense is like
in the Photon Theory
of Matter that Professor Willis H. Thompson wrote down.
He used the idea that Lorentz came up with and unified all the forces of
Photons act like magnets with north and south poles. They usually line up
in a row with the poles sideways to the direction of travel. It's like a seesaw
on roller skates moving in the direction longways to the stick with
the magnets sticking out sideways to the motion. This is Einstein's classic
Photons have two properties that cause them to change over to mass
when things are just right. One of these
is that when anything bends a photon's path, the fields of the photon
can't be the same on both sides of the curve. They's more area
on the outside of the bend. This
makes positive feedback that bends the path more. The amount more
is the same as the original amount.
Since the feedback force ain't but half enough to hold the bend,
a photon always snaps right back to a straight line.
You can see this feedback in the light of stars that pass close to a planet.
The light bends twice as much as the planet's gravity alone can account for.
The other thing about photons is that photons like to resonate.
The urge to resonate is so strong in photons that they will
shuck off a piece of they own self if they need to, just to do it. It ain't no
stopping them; it's like photon sex. So when
some chunk of pressure curls a photon around so bad the front end nearly
touches the back end it snaps right on and locks up.
Ain't but one size photon can lock up for good like that; far's we know.
A bunch of other sizes can lock up for a split smidgisecond if you bang
things together hard enough. And then there's three that can lock up for
good when they all three get stuck together in a shell.
They's a fourth size that can't lock up except when it gets curled
around the outside of a package of the three other locked up shells. Even
then it won't hold more'n a few minutes unless it gets stuck
inside a atom with a proton mixed in.
Photons locked up in shells have weight.
Folks usually figure it in units of
weight called mass set so that it matches units for time, distance, and
speed. It is easier to understand though if we use a different unit of
measure for weight.
ain't but one size shell can lock up permanent, makes sense to give
the weight number, one, to that size shell. Then we can figure out the
weight of each of the other shells in units of that shell's weight. This
number one shell is the electron. The three sandwiched shells make a
proton; add the extra shell to make a neutron.
We can guess that the extra shell that makes a neutron out of a
proton weights about two and half times as much as an electron.
That's cause a neutron weights more than a proton by just about the same
as two and a half electrons.
Makes sense the extra weight is in the shell.
Okay now we got that two and a half electron size
shell as the first shell on the outside
of a four-shell sandwich. Inside shells gotta be heaver. Folks already
weighted protons and neutrons. Protons are about 1836 times as heavy as
Turns out you can multiply the outside shell weight times itself and
you get the weight of the next shell in. That would be the proton's
outside shell weight. Yep; works same all way in to the inner most
shell. The photon theory web site
goes into detail about that shell scheme.
So that's how the universe looks like it's built. You have to wonder
how come it is that folks go to such great pain to try to make the universe
be built some way different.
Them that can understand the stuff said here can see that
you don't need to know a bunch of arithmetic rules to understand how
the universe is built. That fact is that everything we humans have found
in this universe looks like it is built of nothing more than
electromagnetic change. Ain't nothing in this universe that can't
change into electric and magnetic stuff.
There are many great discoveries yet to be made within this electromagnetic
universe, but the most grand, earth stopping, prize collecting, overwhelming
find will be that substance, or that tangible thing that is not
electromagnetic in origin. Such a thing does not reside within this universe.
But this universe is only the electromagnetic universe. Electromagnetic
phenomena are properties of space.
It is possible that there could be other universes based upon
other properties of space. If so, we could not detect them.
We have no
sensor that can detect anything that is not of electromagnetic origin.
There could be any number of properties of space that are not electromagnetic
but we can never sense them with our present sensors. What an earth
shattering time it will be when new sensors open channels between universes
built of properties of space that are not electromagnetic. We may finally
see why we humans have such a built in need to believe in a spiritual
realm (universe ?).