How The Universe Is Built
Without Hardly No Big Words

by Filbert Wagman

Don't take these ideas to school.
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Everybody that thinks about it already knows it; it ain't no big secret. The universe is built just like it looks like its built. Us that thunk knew that a hundred years ago. Since then kids come up with lots of fun stuff to think about; quantums, strings, quarks, bigbangs; ain't none of it real. Ain't no need for it to be real.

First thing when a kid starts fundamental physics study is they hit em with all kinds of really hard arithmatic and wierd ideas that ain't real. Most of them drop out at the first taste of that. Fact is, you don't have to know that stuff to understand how the universe is built. Real stuff that is really real is easy to understand. For wierd stuff that ain't real, you gotta have lots of extra training. As soon as we know we can understand we will want to understand even more. Then we will begin to realize John Wheeler's dream of fully knowing how the universe is built.

Take relativity; fact is that most everyone knows it's real, we can measure it pretty good; even have to account for it to make GPS work. Now the theory of relativity; that's something else. The theory don't explain how come relativity, just describes relativity.

Folks found out about relativity when Maxwell wrote down some arithmetic that could figure the speed of light. They won't no place in the arithmetic for the speed of your own self. Then folks tried to figure how fast the world was moving. They used a new gadget that could measure the speed of light really good. First they measured light speed in one direction; then in another direction. Now it makes good sense light speed is gonna look slower when they pointed the gadget toward the way the world was moving than when they pointed it across from it; kinda like light had to catch up with the world as it moved along.

They got real surprised when they saw the world wasn't moving at all. Einstein figured out how come it looked like the world wasn't moving and wrote out a theory about it. Every scientist in the world thought about how come it was that Michelson and Morely's measurement didn't work. There's still a few that say something was wrong with the way they went about it; but just about everybody now knows that without relativity the measurements would have worked. Relativity is real.

Lorentz made a theory of relativity. He thought clocks and measuring sticks change in just exactly the right way to make the measured speed of light be the same. Most scientists thought that was too much like it was made up just to fit what they saw. Einstein had different idea. He thought it was time and space that changed.

Two ways of thinking can explain the same thing. Moving objects change, that's one way; time and space change, that's the other way. Although the arithmetic is the same for both ways of thinking about it; there is a powerful difference. Lorentz way of thinking shows why relativity happens. Everything gotta be made out of light. Einstein's way of thinking don't say why.

Lorentz way shows why things change shape and feel time different when they move. It is because everything is made out of light. This universe must be built in just this certain way and it could not possibly be otherwise. John Wheeler said something kinda like that. Always thought John would finally figure it out; kept waiting; even told him a couple of times; but he never quite made it over the hump to greatness; he was stuck in the doldrums of QED theory.

The concept that explains the arithmetic and demands that things change just like they do is that matter and light are made out of the same stuff. Relativity then makes perfect sense. So, let's play like matter and light are made out of the same stuff and that everything in the universe is made out of it too.

James Clerk Maxwell figured out the arithmetic for this stuff; it is pretty simple once you get the hang of it. Basically it just says that the stuff is made out of two opposite pieces. Changing either piece of it causes the other piece to change; kinda like a seesaw.

Maxwell's arithmetic described the stuff pretty good but there was one thing missing. There was something about the stuff that made it come in certain sized bundles. It was just like if seesaws were all made out of the same length stick and were the same height above ground. You could work them at any speed but the distance from bottom to top on either end was always the same. The only way you could get more out of them was to work them faster or get more of them.

Years later, Max Planck figured out the arithmetic for that missing piece. He figured out Planck's constant. It's kind of like the length of the seesaw and the height of the seesaw combined into one action number. Plank's action number shows up in most arithmetic about how stuff works.

Who first said the word is kinda obscure but Einstein called this stuff that Maxwell and Planck described, "photons". Scientists all agreed that photons could change back and forth between matter and energy. Few agreed, however, on just exactly how it was that this change from one to the other came about.

What makes sense is like in the Photon Theory of Matter that Professor Willis H. Thompson wrote down. He used the idea that Lorentz came up with and unified all the forces of nature.

Photons act like magnets with north and south poles. They usually line up in a row with the poles sideways to the direction of travel. It's like a seesaw on roller skates moving in the direction longways to the stick with the magnets sticking out sideways to the motion. This is Einstein's classic view.

Photons have two properties that cause them to change over to mass when things are just right. One of these is that when anything bends a photon's path, the fields of the photon can't be the same on both sides of the curve. They's more area on the outside of the bend. This makes positive feedback that bends the path more. The amount more is the same as the original amount.

Since the feedback force ain't but half enough to hold the bend, a photon always snaps right back to a straight line. You can see this feedback in the light of stars that pass close to a planet. The light bends twice as much as the planet's gravity alone can account for.

The other thing about photons is that photons like to resonate. The urge to resonate is so strong in photons that they will shuck off a piece of they own self if they need to, just to do it. It ain't no stopping them; it's like photon sex. So when some chunk of pressure curls a photon around so bad the front end nearly touches the back end it snaps right on and locks up.

Ain't but one size photon can lock up for good like that; far's we know. A bunch of other sizes can lock up for a split smidgisecond if you bang things together hard enough. And then there's three that can lock up for good when they all three get stuck together in a shell.

They's a fourth size that can't lock up except when it gets curled around the outside of a package of the three other locked up shells. Even then it won't hold more'n a few minutes unless it gets stuck inside a atom with a proton mixed in.

Photons locked up in shells have weight. Folks usually figure it in units of weight called mass set so that it matches units for time, distance, and speed. It is easier to understand though if we use a different unit of measure for weight.

Since ain't but one size shell can lock up permanent, makes sense to give the weight number, one, to that size shell. Then we can figure out the weight of each of the other shells in units of that shell's weight. This number one shell is the electron. The three sandwiched shells make a proton; add the extra shell to make a neutron.

We can guess that the extra shell that makes a neutron out of a proton weights about two and half times as much as an electron. That's cause a neutron weights more than a proton by just about the same as two and a half electrons. Makes sense the extra weight is in the shell.

Okay now we got that two and a half electron size shell as the first shell on the outside of a four-shell sandwich. Inside shells gotta be heaver. Folks already weighted protons and neutrons. Protons are about 1836 times as heavy as electrons.

Turns out you can multiply the outside shell weight times itself and you get the weight of the next shell in. That would be the proton's outside shell weight. Yep; works same all way in to the inner most shell. The photon theory web site goes into detail about that shell scheme.

So that's how the universe looks like it's built. You have to wonder how come it is that folks go to such great pain to try to make the universe be built some way different.

Them that can understand the stuff said here can see that you don't need to know a bunch of arithmetic rules to understand how the universe is built. That fact is that everything we humans have found in this universe looks like it is built of nothing more than electromagnetic change. Ain't nothing in this universe that can't change into electric and magnetic stuff.

There are many great discoveries yet to be made within this electromagnetic universe, but the most grand, earth stopping, prize collecting, overwhelming find will be that substance, or that tangible thing that is not electromagnetic in origin. Such a thing does not reside within this universe.

But this universe is only the electromagnetic universe. Electromagnetic phenomena are properties of space. It is possible that there could be other universes based upon other properties of space. If so, we could not detect them. We have no sensor that can detect anything that is not of electromagnetic origin. There could be any number of properties of space that are not electromagnetic but we can never sense them with our present sensors. What an earth shattering time it will be when new sensors open channels between universes built of properties of space that are not electromagnetic. We may finally see why we humans have such a built in need to believe in a spiritual realm (universe ?).