Does Time Slow
With Movement

by
Vernon Brown

When you bang a tuning fork against a block of wood and hold it up to listen to its hum, you hear the sound of the tuning fork's natural vibration. Electrons in atoms move in natural repeated patterns, also. These repeating patterns are the internal clocks of atoms. All atoms have them.

Below is an early atomic clock circa 1960 with an accuracy of one second in 300 years

The Cesium 133 atom has a natural resonant frequency of 9,192,631,770 Hertz. It is one of the most stable of the atoms with a resonant frequency we can easily measure. In 1967, the 13th General Conference on Weights and Measures defined a second of time in terms of the Cesium atom's resonant frequency. So one second of time is now officially set as that amount of time required for the Cesium 133 atom to complete 9,192,631,770 cycles of vibration at its natural resonant frequency. Atomic clocks based upon the Cesium atom are accurate within one second in 300 years.

With clocks such as this, we can compare the passage of time in moving objects with that of objects kept stationary here on earth. All such experiments so far devised show that the moving clock indicates that less time has passed than does the stationary clock. So time does slow with movment. The question then becomes, why?

Why is it that time runs more slowly for an object in motion than for an object at rest? Albert Einstein thought that time and space must vary to cause this. H. Ziegler discussed with Einstein and Planck that the Lorentz veiw of space and time would produce the observed relativity phenomena. Lorentz thought that the size and shape of material objects must vary to cause relativity phenomena.

It is well known that Einstein's view correctly predicts the observed differences in time as measured on moving and stationary objects. It is not so well known that the Lorentz view also correctly predicts the observed differences. Classic space-time is a requirement of the Lorentz version of relativity. Classic space-time is also a requirement for the photonic view of space and time as indicated in the gold-button link. It shows that all of nature behaves exactly as if all of nature is made of light.

When any atom moves, the patterns of movement in it must change slightly so that the beginning of each pattern cycle starts at the end of the last. If, as H. Ziegler thought, the final irreducible constituent of all physical reality moved at the invariable speed of light, these constituents could not change speed to complete the patterns. The shape of the patterns must then change. And, since the things that move and make the patterns in atoms must move through a greater distance, more time is required to complete each pattern.

Material things experience the passage of time by the count of repetition of patterns in their constituent atoms. All things exist in the present time even though each atom experiences the passage of time by its own pattern count. Objects toward the outside of a spinning disk experience less time passage than objects closer to the center. Even though the experience of time is different, all objects still exist in the present.

No matter the version of reality we accept, it is not possible to produce a model of the formation of a Black Hole as conceived by the Catholic priest, Georges Lemaitre. With the Lorentz version of relativity phenomena, time dilation due to gravity impedes acceleration and so acts as a negative feedback mechanism. So gravity affects gravity the same as gravity affects light. If light can't get out gravity can't get out either.

Now that we understand exactly what gravity is, we can be more certain. As indicated in the papers linked by the gold buttons, gravity is an electromagnetic phenomena. The button on the left shows how this develops within photon theory. The button on the right shows how it develops while maintaining Quantum Theory.