Does Time Slow
When you bang a tuning fork against a block of wood and hold it up to listen to its hum, you hear the sound of the tuning fork's natural vibration.
Electrons in atoms move in natural repeated patterns, also.
These repeating patterns are the internal clocks of atoms. All
atoms have them.
Below is an early atomic clock circa 1960
with an accuracy of one second in 300 years
The Cesium 133 atom has a natural resonant frequency of
9,192,631,770 Hertz. It is one of the most stable of the
atoms with a resonant frequency we can
easily measure. In 1967, the 13th General Conference on
Weights and Measures defined a second of time in terms of the
Cesium atom's resonant frequency. So one second of time is now
officially set as that amount of time required
for the Cesium 133 atom to complete 9,192,631,770 cycles of vibration at
its natural resonant frequency. Atomic clocks based upon the Cesium atom
are accurate within one second in 300 years.
With clocks such as this, we can compare the passage of time in moving
objects with that of objects kept stationary here on earth. All such
experiments so far devised show that the moving clock indicates that less
time has passed than does the stationary clock. So time does slow
with movment. The question then becomes, why?
Why is it that time runs more slowly for an object in motion than
for an object at rest?
Albert Einstein thought that time and space must vary to cause this.
H. Ziegler discussed with Einstein and Planck that the Lorentz
veiw of space and time would produce the observed relativity
Lorentz thought that the size and shape of material objects must vary to
cause relativity phenomena.
It is well known that Einstein's view correctly predicts the
observed differences in time as measured on moving and stationary
It is not so well known that the Lorentz view also correctly predicts
the observed differences. Classic space-time is a requirement
of the Lorentz version of relativity. Classic space-time is also a requirement for
the photonic view of space and time as indicated in the gold-button
link. It shows that all of nature behaves exactly as if all of
nature is made of light.
When any atom moves, the patterns of movement in it must change slightly
so that the beginning of each pattern cycle starts at the end of the last.
If, as H. Ziegler thought, the final irreducible constituent of all physical
reality moved at the invariable speed of light, these constituents could
not change speed to complete the patterns. The shape of the patterns must
then change. And, since the things that move and make the patterns in atoms must move through a greater distance, more time is required to complete each pattern.
Material things experience the passage of time by the
count of repetition of patterns in their constituent atoms.
All things exist in the present time even though each atom
experiences the passage of time by its own pattern count.
Objects toward the outside of a spinning disk experience less
time passage than objects closer to the center.
Even though the experience
of time is different, all objects still exist in the present.
No matter the version of reality we accept, it is not possible
to produce a model of the formation of a Black Hole as conceived
by the Catholic priest, Georges Lemaitre.
With the Lorentz version of relativity phenomena, time dilation
due to gravity impedes acceleration and so acts as a negative
feedback mechanism. So gravity affects gravity the same as gravity
affects light. If light can't get out gravity can't get out
Now that we understand exactly what gravity is, we can be more
certain. As indicated in the papers linked by the gold buttons,
gravity is an electromagnetic phenomena. The button on the left
shows how this develops within photon theory. The button
on the right shows how it develops while maintaining Quantum Theory.