Last modified June 14, 2015
Case One: Electrons and positrons reduce to photons.
Photons that comprise electrons and positrons simply pop out of their patterns and continued on their way.
Case Two: All matter reduces to photons.
There is nothing known that cannot reduce to photons of energy. There is not some basic solid something left that can't be reduced.
Case Three: Nothing moves faster than light.
If all of nature is made of light trapped in patterns, the patterns
can not move faster than the light that comprises them.
Case Four: Moving objects contract.
As in case three, patterns of trapped light must distort with motion
because the additional speed of motion cannot add to the constant
speed of light.
Case Five: Time slows for a moving object.
Time dilation is a natural consequence of the photon construct of nature.
The repetition rate of patterns in Atoms must slow when atoms move. This is
because the overall distance a photon must move to remain in the pattern is
greater when the containing object is moving. Since the photon is already
moving at the speed of light and can't move any faster, more time
is required to complete the pattern.
Case Seven: No contraction perpendicular to direction of movement.
A ball of photons, as in case five above, would not need to squeeze together
in the direction perpendicular to movement to remain in the pattern. This is
just as is predicted by the Lorentz transformations.
Case Eight: The electron has no solid core.
All attempts to measure a size for an electron that is smaller than its classic
electron diameter have shown that there is nothing there. This indicates that
an electron only exists at its electromagnetic diameter.
This would naturally and necessarily be the case if the electron were a one-photon
particle. There is no philosophically sound alternative.
Case Nine: Particles are created out of changing EM fields. Downstream of electron-positron collisions in particle accelerators
we find that all basic nuclear particles come out of the collision.
Nothing but electrons and positrons went in; all nuclear particles
may come out.
Case Ten: Diverse short-lived particles.
Massive short-lived particles show up downstream of collisions in particle accelerators. Any manor of patterns may occur; only the stable ones survive. Unstable patterns may have nothing to do with the makeup of matter.
Case Eleven: The Uncertainty Phenomena is a
natural consequence of the photon construct of matter as explained by the target
of the gold bar link. Resonance depends upon the phase relationship between an absorbing
target and approaching photon. The approaching photon will bypass an out-of-phase target for an in-phase target even when the in-phase target is more distant.
Case Twelve: Quantum Phenomena is a consequence of the photon construct of the universe.
As explained by the paper linked by the gold bar, spatially extended fields of electric and magnetic amplitude change drive the saturated points of photons through space. The fields show up as waves. The saturated points of electric and magnetic amplitude show
up as particles.
Case Thirteen: Electromagnetic amplitude absent from photon equations. We know that photons saturate because amplitude does not appear in equations that depict the energy-time of photons. The equation for Planck's constant does not contain electric and magnetic amplitude as variables. Those amplitudes must therefore be constants.
Case Fourteen: Electron's exhibit spin one-half characteristic. Electrons behave as though they are composed of two sub-particles spinning on a common radius at the speed of light. Attempts to find these sub-particles produce photons.
Case Fifteen: Hadron spectra suggests a shell construct. Dr. Robert Hofstadter used the particle accelerator at Stanford University to collect hadron spectra from colliding nuclear particles. Dr. Hofstadter received the Nobel Prize in 1961 for his discovery of nuclear structure. Dr. Hofstadter indicated that a simple shell structure would produce similar spectra.
Case Sixteen: Electrons show their wave structure. Electrons exhibit a wave structure that is well known. This structure is exactly as it would necessarily be if the electron were composed of one photon trapped in a pattern.
Case Seventeen: Binding forces inside nucleons is greater than the electric force. The force of electric charge originates at the circumference of the photon path that forms the particles. More massive particles are comprised of higher frequency photons. Shorter wave length produces smaller diameter shells. Since the stronger force diminishes with distance
it is equal to an electron when seen at the larger electron radius.
Case Eighteen: The electric force of a proton is exactly equal but opposite to one electron worth of force This is exactly as it must be if the outer shell of the proton follows the
size-to-mass ratio of the Square of the Shells Rule. The smaller bend radius of the proton creates a stronger field. This stronger field, diminished as the square distance, is exactly
equal to an electron's force when seen at the electron's greater radius.
Case Nineteen: Massive particles have the property of inertia. The electromagnetic wave as described by Maxwell's equations contain no mechanism to spontaneously change its frequency. As a result, photon frequency is stable. To increase frequency, energy must be added. To decrease frequency, energy must be taken away. Particles of mass made of photon patterns exhibit this stability of frequency. It is the property of inertia. This is just exactly as it must necessarily be if matter is comprised of photons alone.
Case Twenty: The Fine Structure Constant in nature is related to the electrical charge amplitude of
an electron. In a photon-only universe this is the ratio of the electrical charge amplitude of an electron to the bend radius of the path of the photon that comprises the electron.
Case Twenty One: Strong Nuclear Dynamics are consistent with an electromagnetic construct of the proton. The strong nuclear force binds protons together to form atoms.
The dynamics of this strong force shows that it increases in amplitude with distance for a short distance then disappears altogether. The dynamic happens because inner proton
shells are trapped inside the outer shells. To separate, inner shells must pass through like charges on the inside of the outer shells.
Case Twenty Two: The Cosmic Background Radiation occupies a special inertial frame. It is the same throughout the universe. We can detect this inertial frame by noting that its temperature is the same in all directions. Our earth moves through this background at the rate of about five hundred miles per second.
Case Twenty Three: Photons create gravity and gravitate. The theory of General Relativity demands that photons must create gravity and gravitate. As far as anyone knows, there is only one kind of gravity. Sir Author Eddington described the mechanism of gravity as a refraction process in a paper published in 1920. It makes
sense then that photons would be the only source of this single kind of gravity.
Case Twenty Four: Light from distant galaxies is shifted toward the red. Photons create gravity and gravitate. The force of this gravity is conveyed through the extended fields that surround photon points. When this force causes a momentum change in a gravitating object, work is done. Energy must be conserved. The photon must lose energy by shifting its frequency toward the red.
Case Twenty Five: We're working on it.