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Last modified August 22, 2016
The Strong Nuclear Force
Given the notion that the electromagnetic field in all its forms comprise the totality of the universe,
as described in the goldbutton links, we can find
the strong nuclear interaction within that concept.
Consider the construct of the elementary particles as
phaselocked patterns of looping photons. The most simple
of the particles is the electron. We can start with that and
calculate the value of a strong electromagnetic force that is about a
hundred times stronger than the force of an electron.
The static electric charge of an electron radiates outward from the
circumference of the electron.
This pattern is formed by a lone photon trapped
Shell masses and sizes as calculated by the
Square of the Shells rule.
The strength of
the electric charge in units of electron force is the same as the mass in
units of
electron mass. Smaller shells have greater charge amplitude at their circumference.
However when seen from a distance, amplitude, diminished as the inverse square of
radius, measures to be exactly equal to the charge of an electron.

in an electromagnetic cavity produced by its own bent path. The strength of the charge is greatest at the surface of the sphere and diminishes as the square of distance away from the surface.
Any photon in a resonant cavity radiates this static charge. The measure of the strength of the charge is a constant because the electromagnetic saturation amplitude of photons is a constant. The circumference of the electron is determined by the wavelength of the photon that comprises it. Since the charge amplitude diminishes as the square of distance, the charge amplitude is at its maximum value at the electron's surface.
Since the photon completes one turn around the circumference in one wave length, the same half cycle polarity is toward the outside of the turn all the way around. In
the case of the electron it is the negative electric field that is toward the outside all the way around. The positive field is on the inside of the shell.
We can consider the static electric force at the electron's surface as one unit. We know that the strong nuclear force would then be about a hundred units. The strong nuclear force shows
up as the sum of two of shells two and two of shells three.
The static electric charge at the surface of a proton is greater than that of an electron because the proton is smaller. The proton's surface charge is 6.5 electrons units. But since the measured value diminishes as the square of distance, the proton's electric charge is exactly equal to that of an electron when seen at the distance of an electron's radius.
The same polarity of the electric field is toward the outside all the
way around the circumference. This is because the field polarity reversal
is governed by the same sine function that creates a circle.

We can calculate the strength of the force at the proton's surface with a simple squareoftheshells rule using the neutron's outer shell as a starting point. This charge strength is directly related to the massiveness of the shells because the more massive the shell, the smaller its radius and the smaller its radius the greater the surface charge.
The neutron is 2.5499 electrons more massive than a proton. The neutron's outer shell must contain this amount of mass. Using the square of the shell rule we calculate that the proton's outer shell is 6.5 and the proton's next shell in is 42.2 all in units of electron mass and surface charge. According to the rule, these three shells provide the strong nuclear force and the weak nuclear force.
