449 Last modified August 22, 2016
Nuclear Force and Electromagnetic Force
It is difficult to unite the electromagnetic force and the nuclear forces within Quantum Mechanics Theory because within that theory the forces are conveyed by the transfer of virtual particles. So when a virtual particle worth of force is conveyed, you get the whole thing. You can't just transfer a piece of it. So you need one flavor of virtual particle for the electromagnetic force and other flavors for the each of the other forces.
It is quite different within a Gauge Field Theory. Unification of all the forces of nature is easily achieved by considering a universe made of light and a shell construct for nuclear particles. This shell construct has a proton comprised of three sandwiched shells and a neutron comprised of four as in the Square-Of-The-Shells rule.
According to this rule the force of the electric charge on the shells is
The static electric force at the radius of Shell 2 and Shell 3 provide the strong nuclear force. The image shows a time sequence where two protons merge together to become trapped by the force of charge of the positive shell 2 and the negative shell 3. In the trapped state the two like charges of the two shells 3 repel each other. But the negative charge on the inside of shells 2 also repel trying to push the blue shells back together.
The red circle represents shell 2 and the blue circle represents shell 3.