Big Bang Tired Light

The Tired Light theory was introduced by F. Zwicki in 1929 to explain the red shift in light from distant objects in space. This was an alternative to the Big Bang theory which was in great difficulty. There was no way within the known laws of physics that the universe could have achieved its present size. It was necessary to invent an "Expansion Period" within which time the laws of physics did not apply.

But the Tired Light Theory quickly gathered up its own set of problems. There was no way within the known laws of physics that a photon's energy could be degraded without also changing its momentum. This would cause a blur of distant starlight, which is not observed. Studies of Supernova decay indicated that they exhibited time dilation consistent with the Big-Bang account of creation. Then finally, with the discovery of the Cosmic Background Radiation (CBR) at one certain temperature, Tired Light seemed doomed. If light lost its energy at a constant rate, when it finally reached the temperature of the CBR it should still exhibit a range of frequencies (temperatures) that reflects the spectrum of the stars. But instead, the CBR exists at the constant frequency of a Black Body Radiator.

Lyndon Ashmore has published a, "New Tired Light," theory which attempts to answer all the questions posed. In particular, he offers a very reasonable explanation of the 1A Super Nova apparent time dilation. Different frequencies of light move through space at different speeds. This has the affect that the pulse of light representing the Super Nova event gets smeared over time as the different frequencies arrive.

We have known that light carries momentum since the early 1800's. This momentum imparts movement to anything that light strikes. This is a transfer of energy. The only way light can transfer energy is to lose some of its momentum. We suspect that this happens in space where about one free electron exists per cubic meter. The energy picked up by the electrons is re-radiated and represents the ambient temperature of empty space. So, according to Ashmore's hypothesis, the Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation is the ambient temperature of space.

There is another mechanism that must reduce the frequency of light as it ages in space. We now know that photons are the source of gravity. Gravity is a force that may change the momentum of objects in space. When a force causes an entity to change momentum a transfer of energy must take place. Photons may lose energy as their gravity reacts with objects in space.